Safe and accurate placement of spinal screws remains a critical step during open and minimally invasive spinal fusion surgery. We investigated the application of diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) for real-time instrument guidance during a spinal screw placement procedure. A custom-built screw probe with integrated optical fibers was inserted into a vertebra under image guidance in an ex vivo human setting. We found that fat content derived from the spectra gradually changed as the probe approached the cortical bone boundary. The results indicate that DRS integrated into surgical instruments has the potential to improve the safety and accuracy of spinal screw placement procedures.
|Conference||SPIE BiOS: Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic and Surgical Guidance Systems XVIII|
|Period||1/02/20 → 6/02/20|