Invar effects in FeNiCo medium entropy alloys: From an Invar treasure map to alloy design

Ziyuan Rao, Dirk Ponge, Fritz Körmann, Yuji Ikeda, Oldřich Schneeweiss, Martin Friák, Jörg Neugebauer, Dierk Raabe, Zhiming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To facilitate the understanding of Invar effects and design of FeNiCo-base Invar alloys characterized by low thermal expansion coefficient (TEC), we investigated the magnetic and thermal expansion behavior of an equiatomic prototype medium entropy alloy FeNiCo and a non-equiatomic (super Invar)Fe63Ni32Co5 (at. %)reference alloy by means of experiments and ab initio calculations. Both alloys consist of a single face-centered cubic phase with fully recrystallized microstructure in the homogenized state. Large spontaneous volume magnetostriction is observed in both alloys below their respective Curie temperatures. The Invar effect in the non-equiatomic Fe63Ni32Co5 alloy is of step-type with nearly zero TEC over a wide temperature range (from room temperature to 120 °C)below its Curie temperature. The equiatomic FeNiCo alloy shows a peak-type Invar effect in a very narrow temperature range (from ∼675 °C to ∼730 °C)with relatively low TECs. The equiatomic FeNiCo alloy shows both higher saturation magnetization and Curie temperature than the non-equiatomic Fe63Ni32Co5 alloy. The relationships among magnetic behavior, spontaneous volume magnetostriction and Invar effects for a wider array of metallic alloys are discussed mainly based on Masumoto's rule combined with Wohlfarth's itinerant electron theory. An Invar alloy search map is constructed based on the present results and available literature data to visualize the relationships among saturation magnetization, Curie temperature and thermal expansion coefficient for a wide range of Invar alloys. Based on this treasure map a design route for further developments of new Invar alloys by tuning their magnetic properties is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106520
Number of pages11
JournalIntermetallics
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Ab initio
  • Invar effect
  • Magnetic properties
  • Medium entropy alloys
  • Spontaneous volume magnetostriction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Invar effects in FeNiCo medium entropy alloys: From an Invar treasure map to alloy design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this