This paper presents a modeling and simulation method that supports energy performance assessment and operation strategy investigation of borehole thermal energy storage in the Chifeng district heating (DH) system. A living laboratory in Chifeng, China that integrates a 0.5 million m3 borehole thermal energy storage system, an on-site solar thermal plant and excess heat from a copper plant is presented. The research adopts Modelica models from open source libraries to evaluate the system. The validity of the borehole thermal energy storage model is evaluated through an inter-model comparison study and an empirical validation test. We used the validated model to investigate three operation strategies. We conclude that the time-scheduled combined operation strategy is more beneficial for the studied system regarding CO2 emission reduction.
- Borehole thermal energy storage
- Industrial waste heat
- Model validation