Investigation into Atomic Diffusion at the Interface During Extrusion Welding of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys

Shengwen Bai, Gang Fang*, Bin Jiang, Jie Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


This research was aimed to reveal atomic diffusion across the bonding interface through the extrusion-welding experiments of dissimilar materials, namely pure magnesium and Mg–Al–Zn–RE alloy. A special tooling setup used to simulate weld seam formation during extrusion through a porthole die was designed for this model study. To deform the metal streams symmetrically and create a sound weld seam, the extrusion-welding experiments from sandwich-structured billets were carried out. Chemical analysis of diffused atoms in the welding region was performed by electron probe micro-analysis. The results confirmed that atomic diffusion indeed occurred across the interface during extrusion. The gradients in element concentration, local stresses, and hydrostatic pressure were considered to be the necessary conditions for extensive atomic diffusion to occur. Atomic diffusion was significantly enhanced by raising extrusion temperature. The analysis of the stress and hydrostatic pressure distributions in the welding region provided new insights into the mechanisms of weld seam formation during the extrusion of light metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4222-4233
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Accepted Author Manuscript


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation into Atomic Diffusion at the Interface During Extrusion Welding of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this