Investigation of aeroacoustics and flow dynamics of a NACA 0015 airfoil with a Gurney flap using TR-PIV

J. Shah, Andrea Sciacchitano, Stefan Pröbsting

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Abstract

The present study employs simultaneous planar TR-PIV and microphone measurements to obtain the flow dynamics and aeroacoustic causality correlation associated with a Gurney flap of various sizes in case of low Mach and high Reynolds number flows. The objectives are to investigate the secondary shedding mode for the case of a turbulent boundary layer and to understand the mechanism of noise generation by identifying structures that are highly correlated with far field pressure fluctuations. The instantaneous velocity and vorticity fields show the flapping motion of the wake and the coherent vortex shedding process. The tonal peaks are clearly audible and correspond to the vortex shedding frequency. The PSD of the flow fluctuations and acoustic spectra did not indicate a secondary mode of shedding in case of turbulent boundary layer. The Strouhal numbers of the vortex shedding are found to be close to that of a bluff body in a flow. Causality correlation between pressure fluctuations in the far-field and the near field fluctuations indicates that the vertical velocity in the wake of the model is highly correlated with the far-field pressure fluctuations. This study provides an example of the potential of the causality correlation technique in identifying flow structures/regions highly correlated with noise in case of complex high-lift devices, making it possible to design flaps with lower acoustic emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics
Place of PublicationLisbon, Portugal
PublisherSpringer
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)978-989-98777-8-8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016
Event18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics - The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 4 Jul 20167 Jul 2016
Conference number: 18
http://ltces.dem.ist.utl.pt/lxlaser/lxlaser2016/

Conference

Conference18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period4/07/167/07/16
Internet address

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