Investigation of Curle's Dipolar Sources on a Porous Airfoil Interacting with Incoming Turbulence

R. Zamponi, S. Satcunanathan, M. Meinke, W. Schröder, S. Moreau, C Schram

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


Integrating porous materials into the structure of an airfoil constitutes a promising passive strategy for mitigating the noise from turbulence-body interactions that has been extensively explored in the past few decades. When a compact permeable body is considered in the aeroacoustic analogy derived by Curle to predict this noise source, a dipole associated with the nonzero unsteady Reynolds stresses appears on the surface in addition to the dipole linked to the pressure fluctuations. Nevertheless, the relative contribution of this source on the far-field noise radiated by a porous wing profile has not been clarified yet. The purpose of the current research work is twofold. On the one hand, it investigates the impact of porosity on the surface-pressure fluctuations of a thick airfoil immersed in the wake of an upstream circular rod at a Mach number of 0.09. On the other hand, it quantifies the relevance of the Reynolds-stresses term on the surface as a sound-generation mechanism. Results from large-eddy simulations show that the porous treatment of the wing profile yields an attenuation of the unsteady-pressure peak, which is localized in the low-frequency range of the spectrum and is induced by the milder distortion of the incoming vortices. However, porosity is ineffective in breaking the spanwise coherence or in-phase behavior of the surface-pressure fluctuations at the vortex-shedding frequency. The Reynolds-stresses term is found to be considerable in the stagnation region of the airfoil, where the transpiration velocity is larger, and partly correlated with the unsteady surface pressure. This results in a nonnegligible contribution of this term to the far-field acoustic pressure emitted by the porous wing profile for observation angles near the stagnation streamline. The conclusions drawn in the present study eventually provide valuable insight into the design of innovative and efficient passive strategies to mitigate surface-turbulence interaction noise in industrial applications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication28th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 2022
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-664-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event28th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics 2022 Conference - Southampton, United Kingdom
Duration: 14 Jun 202217 Jun 2022
Conference number: 28

Publication series

Name28th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, 2022


Conference28th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics 2022 Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of Curle's Dipolar Sources on a Porous Airfoil Interacting with Incoming Turbulence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this