Investigation of offshore wind farm layouts regarding wake effects and cable topology

Bryce Wade, Ricardo Pereira, Cameron Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)


Offshore wind energy is emerging as a large contributor to installed renewable energy capacity. In order to continue the momentum of its development, the offshore wind industry is looking to continually lower the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). One area being explored in an effort to lower the LCOE of offshore wind generation is the optimization of the wind farm layout. Many of the offshore wind farm layout designs that exist today are structured in a rectilinear form where turbines are spaced evenly along columns and rows. This research explores the economic advantages of removing rectilinear constraints and optimizing the positions of the individual turbines within an offshore wind farm. At the core of achieving the research objective was the development of a model that is capable of simulating an existing offshore wind farm by converting representative wind farm data into an LCOE. The positions of the turbines within the wind farm can be modified using an optimization framework with the intent to minimize the LCOE. The model comprised of the Jensen Wake Model, a hybrid cable layout heuristic and a cost scaling model. The wind farm layout was optimized using a genetic algorithm. The cost estimation model and optimization framework were applied into two case studies to analyze the results of the wind farm layout optimization of two wind farms, Horns Rev and Borssele. In both case studies the optimized layouts provided higher AEP, shorter intra-array collection cable lengths and ultimately a lower LCOE than the baseline rectilinear layouts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012007
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2019
EventWindEurope Conference and Exhibition 2019 - Bilbao, Spain
Duration: 2 Apr 20194 Apr 2019


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