Investigation of poultry litter conversion into useful energy resources using fast pyrolysis

L. M. Simbolon, D. S. Pandey, C. Tsekos, Wiebren de Jong, S. A. Tassou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


The present study explored a thermochemical treatment method as an alternative approach to process animal feedlot (poultry litter). Fast pyrolysis of poultry litter experiments was conducted using a Pyroprobe 5200 reactor in the temperature range of 400-600 °C. The influence of reactor temperature on the yield of pyrolytic gases, condensate (bio-oil) and biochar yield was reported along with the mass balance. The biochar yield decreased consistently with an increase in temperature (from ~62 wt.% at 400 °C to ~ 40 wt.% at 600 °C), whereas the maximum bio-oil yield 23.2 wt.% was reported at 600 °C. The evolved pyrolytic gases were dominated by CO and CO2 and have shown an increasing trend with the temperature. Evolved gases were measured by a micro-gas Chromatograph. The yield of the liquid fraction (bio-oil) and biochar were quantified for the mass balance analysis. The yield of liquid and biochar are in agreement with previous work.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition (EUBCE 2019)
EditorsN. Scarlat, A. Grassi, M.d.G. Carvalho, P. Helm
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Engergies
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2019 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 27 May 201930 May 2019


Conference27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Animal residue
  • Biochar
  • Fast pyrolysis
  • Pyrolysis oil
  • Thermochemical conversion


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