Investigation of the potential use of calcium alginate capsules for self-healing in porous asphalt concrete

Shi Xu*, Xueyan Liu, Amir Tabaković, Erik Schlangen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
122 Downloads (Pure)


Improving the healing capacity of asphalt is proving to be an effective method to prolong the service life of an asphalt pavement. The calcium alginate capsules encapsulating rejuvenator have been developed and proved to provide successful localized crack healing in asphalt mastic. However, it is not known whether this self-healing asphalt system will improve healing capacity of a full asphalt mix. To this aim, this paper reports on study which investigate effect of the calcium alginate capsules onto self-healing capacity of the porous asphalt mix. X-ray computed tomography (XCT) was used to visualize the distribution of the capsules in porous asphalt. The effect of the capsules on fracture resistance of porous asphalt concrete was studied by semi-circular bending (SCB) tests. A semi-circular bending and healing programme was carried out to evaluate the healing effect of these capsules in porous asphalt concrete. Indirect Tensile Stiffness Modulus (ITSM) tests were employed in order to investigate the influence of the capsules on the stiffness of the porous asphalt concrete. The results indicate that incorporating calcium alginate capsules significantly improve the healing capacity of porous asphalt concrete without compromising its performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number168
Number of pages13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Conference on Sustainable Mega Infrastructures and International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials: Design, Performance and Application - Wuhan City, China
Duration: 10 Aug 201811 Aug 2018


  • Asphalt
  • Calcium alginate capsules
  • Rejuvenation
  • Self-healing


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