Iron assimilation and utilization in anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria

Christina Ferousi, Simon Lindhoud, Frauke Baymann, Boran Kartal, Mike SM Jetten, Joachim Reimann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)
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The most abundant transition metal in biological systems is iron. It is incorporated into protein cofactors and serves either catalytic, redox or regulatory purposes. Anaerobic ammonium oxidizing (anammox) bacteria rely heavily on iron-containing proteins – especially cytochromes – for their energy conservation, which occurs within a unique organelle, the anammoxosome. Both their anaerobic lifestyle and the presence of an additional cellular compartment challenge our understanding of iron processing. Here, we combine existing concepts of iron uptake, utilization and metabolism, and cellular fate with genomic and still limited biochemical and physiological data on anammox bacteria to propose pathways these bacteria may employ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-136
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Biology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

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