Iron-reducing microorganisms in a landfill leachate-polluted aquifer: Complementing culture-independent information with enrichments and isolations

Bin Lin, Martin Braster, Wilfred F. M. Roling, Boris M. van Breukelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Using culture-independent 16S rRNA gene-based methods, we previously observed that Geobacteraceae were a major component of the microbial communities in the iron-reducing aquifer polluted by the Banisveld landfill, The Netherlands. However, phylogenetic information does not tell about the functional potential of the detected Geobacteraceae, nor can phylogenetic information easily beused to establish the presence of other iron-reducers. Therefore, we enriched for iron-reducing consortia using a range of culturing media, with various electron donors and acceptors and varying incubation conditions (pH, temperature), and by applying dilution-to-extinction culturing. Enrichments and strains isolated from these enrichments were characterized by 16S rRNA gene-based methods.The number of culturable iron-reducers was less than 110 iron-reducing bacteria per gram of sediment. The Geobacterphylotypethat was previously found to constitute a major part of the microbial communities in a part of the aquifer where organic matter was attenuated at a relatively high rate, was not isolated. The isolation of another Geobacterstrain and Serratia, Clostridium, Rhodoferaxand Desulfitobacterium strains suggest the presence of a diverse iron-reducing community. Physiological capabilities of the isolatesare described and discussed in relation to the hydrogeochemistryand the high abundance ofGeobacteraceaein the aquifer pollutedby the Banisveld landfill.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-294
JournalGeomicrobiology Journal: an international journal of geomicrobiology and microbial biogeochemistry
Volume24
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Geobacteraceae
  • landfill leachate
  • competition
  • iron-reduction
  • natural attenuation
  • bioremediation

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