Josephson junctions in superconducting coplanar DC bias cavities: Fundamental studies and applications

F.E. Schmidt

Research output: ThesisDissertation (TU Delft)

1037 Downloads (Pure)


This thesis investigates fundamental properties of Josephson junctions embedded in microwave circuits, and an application arising from this hybrid approach. We used the versatility of superconducting coplanar DC bias cavities to extract previously inaccessible information on phase coherent and subgap mechanisms of graphene Josephson junctions. Chapter 1 gives an introduction to the technology of Josephson field effect transistors, among which graphene junctions show promise for future improvements in quantum computation. Together with an overview of the Josephson effect in superconducting-semiconducting systems, we introduce the concept of coplanar DC bias cavities for probing Josephson junctions at gigahertz frequencies. In chapter 2, we describe the experimental methods developed for carrying out the subsequent measurements. We include details on fabrication, material properties and measurement setup. Results of graphene Josephson junctions embedded in DC bias microwave resonators are presented in chapters 3 and 4. By following the resonance frequency and losses of the circuit, we are able to extract the junctions’ Josephson inductance and subgap resistance. Studying the nonlinear power and bias current response reveals further information on the underlying loss mechanisms and current phase relation. We turn to an application of our hybrid bias cavity – Josephson junction devices to detect small, low-frequency currents in chapter 5. Our device is competitive with state-of-the-art techniques for microwave radiation detection and, with minor modifications, should be able to outperform existing technologies by orders of magnitude. Finally, we conclude the presented work in chapter 6 and provide an outlook on potential future research.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Steele, G.A., Supervisor
  • Akhmerov, A.R., Supervisor
Award date28 Aug 2020
Print ISBNs978-90-8593-442-4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Graphene
  • Josephson junctions
  • Josephson inductances
  • superconducting microwave circuits
  • current detection
  • DC bias


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