Landscape as basis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific


Sustainable urbanisation, climate adaptation and biodiversity require a design approach that takes the landscape as its starting point. The existing landscape logic provides starting points for planning and designing a socially and ecologically inclusive spatial environment across scales, from city to street profile. The landscape offers structure, ecological coherence and variety, but is also flexible and multi-functional. Landscape also represents spatial-aesthetic values such as beauty and orientation in space and time. After all, the landscape is the result of man’s long-standing interaction with his natural environment. But how can we design spatial projects in a landscape-conscious way?
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe green city guidelines
Subtitle of host publicationThe foundations of a healthy city
EditorsNiek Roozen, Jaap Smit, Jacueline van der Kloet
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)9789083237305
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Green cities
  • landscape architecture
  • Landscape design
  • sustainable urban planning
  • landscape approach


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