Lane Change Control Combined with Ramp Metering: A Strategy to Manage Delays at On-Ramp Merging Sections

H.H.S. Nagalur Subraveti*, V.L. Knoop, B. van Arem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


Control measures at merging locations aimed at either the mainline traffic or on-ramp traffic do not lead to a fairness in the distribution of total delay across the two streams. This paper presents a control strategy of combining a lane change control with a ramp metering system at motorway merges. The control strategy presents the opportunity to control the delays incurred at the two traffic streams of the merge. An optimization problem is formulated for a multilane motorway with an on-ramp with the aim to minimize the total travel time of the system. The proposed strategy is tested using an incentive-based lane-specific traffic flow model. Results revealed a 17% reduction in the total travel time due to the proposed strategy. Moreover, it was shown that the distribution of delays over the mainline and on-ramp could be controlled via the proposed strategy. The performance of the combined control was also compared to the individual control measures. It was observed that the individual control measures (lane change only and ramp metering only) lead to high delays on either the mainline or on-ramp compared to the combined control, where the balance between the delay for the drivers on the mainline and on-ramp could be regulated. The combined lane change and ramp metering control presents opportunities for the road authorities to manage the total delay distribution across the two traffic streams.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8638523
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Publication statusPublished - 2021


This research was performed in Taking the Fast Lane project, which was funded by ‘Applied and Technical Sciences’ (TTW)-13771, which is a subdomain of NWO.


Dive into the research topics of 'Lane Change Control Combined with Ramp Metering: A Strategy to Manage Delays at On-Ramp Merging Sections'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this