Lane Change Strategies on Freeways: A Microscopic Simulation Study

Mehdi Keyvan Ekbatani, Victor Knoop, Vincent Grebert, Winnie Daamen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Understanding the influence of lane changing manoeuvres on the capacity, stability, and breakdown of traffic flows is a crucial issue. In a recent study, four distinct lane change strategies on freeways have been found: (1) Speed Leading; (2) Speed Leading with Overtaking; (3) Lane Leading; (4) Traffic Leading. To the best of our knowledge, combining speed choice and lane preference is not currently considered in most driving behaviour models. The principal aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of the forenamed lane change strategies on freeway traffic operations. The developed strategy-based lane change model has been implemented in a microscopic simulation environment. The study revealed that different lane change strategies may have various impact on the lane flow distribution and consequently on the freeway capacity. It has been seen that an unbalanced distribution of flow on a multi-lane freeway may lead to reduction of capacity. In addition, it has been found that the lane change rate variates under different lane change strategies. The highest traffic stability has been observed under speed leading and speed leading with overtaking strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTraffic and Granular Flow '15
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 11th Conference on Traffic and Granular Flow, Nootdorp, The Netherlands
EditorsV.L. Knoop, W. Daamen
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-33482-0
ISBN (Print)978-319-33481-3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event11th Traffic and Granular Flow Conference - Nootdorp, Netherlands
Duration: 27 Oct 201530 Oct 2015


Conference11th Traffic and Granular Flow Conference
Abbreviated titleTGF15


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