Large scale Gaussian Process for overlap-based object proposal scoring

Silvia Pintea, S. Karaoğlu, Jan van Gemert, AWM Smeulders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This work considers the task of object proposal scoring by integrating the consistency between state- of-the-art object proposal algorithms. It represents a novel way of thinking about proposals, as it starts with the assumption that consistent proposals are most likely centered on objects in the image. We pose the box-consistency problem as a large-scale regression task. The approach starts from existing popular object proposal algorithms and assigns scores to these proposals based on the consistency within and be- tween algorithms. Rather than generating new proposals, we focus on the consistency of state-of-the-art ones and score them on the assumption that mutually agreeing proposals usually indicate the location of objects. This work performs large-scale regression by starting from the strong Gaussian Process model, renowned for its power as a regressor. We extend the model in a natural manner to make effective use of the large number of training samples. We achieve this through metric learning for reshaping the kernel space, while maintaining the kernel-matrix size fixed. We validated the new Gaussian Process models on a standard regression dataset —Airfoil Self-Noise —to prove the generality of the method. Further- more, we test the suitability of the proposed approach for the undertaken box scoring task on Pascal- VOC2007. We conclude that box scoring is possible by employing overlap statistics in a new Gaussian Process model, fine tuned to handle large amounts of data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-108
Number of pages14
JournalComputer Vision and Image Understanding
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Gaussian Process
  • Metric Learning
  • Kernel methods
  • Object proposals


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