Background: To develop a regression neural network for the reconstruction of lesion probability maps on Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting using echo-planar imaging (MRF-EPI) in addition to T1, T2∗, NAWM, and GM- probability maps. Methods: We performed MRF-EPI measurements in 42 patients with multiple sclerosis and 6 healthy volunteers along two sites. A U-net was trained to reconstruct the denoised and distortion corrected T1 and T2∗ maps, and to additionally generate NAWM-, GM-, and WM lesion probability maps. Results: WM lesions were predicted with a dice coefficient of 0.61 ± 0.09 and a lesion detection rate of 0.85 ± 0.25 for a threshold of 33%. The network jointly enabled accurate T1 and T2∗ times with relative deviations of 5.2% and 5.1% and average dice coefficients of 0.92 ± 0.04 and 0.91 ± 0.03 for NAWM and GM after binarizing with a threshold of 80%. Conclusion: DL is a promising tool for the prediction of lesion probability maps in a fraction of time. These might be of clinical interest for the WM lesion analysis in MS patients.
- Deep learning reconstruction
- Lesion prediction
- Magnetic resonance fingerprinting
- T Mapping
- T* Mapping