Lessons from the ROAD project for future deployment of CCS

Andy Read, Chris Gittins, Jan Uilenreef, Tom Jonker, Filip Neele, Stefan Belfroid, Earl Goetheer, Ton Wildenborg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The ROAD project was designed to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of a large-scale, integrated CCS-chain deployed on power generation. Post-combustion technology was to be applied to separate CO2 from the flue gases of the new 1069 MWe coal-fired Maasvlakte Power Plant 3 (MPP3) in the harbour area of Rotterdam. From the capture unit, the CO2 was to be compressed and transported through a pipeline, originally to the P18-A platform in the North Sea to inject CO2 in the P18-4 gas reservoir. An alternative storage site, the nearshore Q16-Maas, was selected in 2015. Feasibility and FEED studies were performed in the period from 2010 to 2017, when the industrial partners pulled out of the project because of lack of political and financial support for the ROAD project. Capture, transport and storage technology is available and will work; remaining questions can be answered by engineering solutions. The full-scale capture plant can be designed and procured to the standard required to enable FID. Pilot plants have proved very valuable for testing and improving the ROAD capture plant design. In all cases, safe and practical designs to transport and store the CO2 were developed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102834
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • CCS chain
  • Demonstration
  • Gas reservoir
  • Post-combustion capture


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