Lessons Learned from a Pan-European Study of Large Housing Estates: Origin, Trajectories of Change and Future Prospects

Daniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific

    13 Citations (Scopus)
    26 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Mid-twentieth-century large housing estates, which can be found all over Europe, were once seen as modernist urban and social utopias that would solve a variety of urban problems. Since their construction, many large housing estates have become poverty concentrating neighbourhoods, often with large shares of immigrants. In Northern and Western Europe, an overlap of ethnic, social and spatial disadvantages have formed as ethnic minorities, often living on low incomes, settle in the most affordable segments of the housing market. The aim of this introductory chapter is to synthesise empirical evidence about the changing fortunes of large housing estates in Europe. The evidence comes from 14 cities—Athens, Berlin, Birmingham, Brussels, Budapest, Bucharest, Helsinki, Madrid, Milan, Paris, Moscow, Prague, Stockholm and Tallinn—and is synthesised into 10 takeaway messages. Findings suggest that large housing estates are now seen as more attractive in Eastern Europe than in Western Europe. The chapter also provides a diverse set of visions and concrete intervention measures that may help to improve the fortunes of large housing estates and their residents.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHousing Estates in Europe
    Subtitle of host publicationPoverty, Ethnic Segregation and Policy Challenges
    EditorsDaniel Baldwin Hess, Tiit Tammaru, Maarten van Ham
    Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages3-31
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-92813-5
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-92812-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Publication series

    NameThe Urban Book Series
    ISSN (Print)2365-757X
    ISSN (Electronic)2365-7588

    Keywords

    • European cities
    • Housing estates
    • Neighbourhood planning
    • Residential planning
    • Urban change

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