Life cycle optimization of ownership costs and emissions reduction in US vehicle retirement

DV Spitzley, DE Grande, GA Keoleian, HC Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)161-175
Number of pages15
JournalTransportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • academic journal papers
  • ZX CWTS JFIS < 1.00

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