Light yield and thermal quenching of Ce3+ and Pr3+ co-doped LaBr3:Sm2+ near-infrared scintillators

Casper van Aarle*, Nils Roturier, Daniel A. Biner, Karl W. Krämer, Pieter Dorenbos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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LaBr3:Ce3+ is a compound with excellent scintillation properties, but its ultraviolet emission does not match well with the detection efficiency curves of silicon based photodetectors. In this work, Sm2+ is studied as an activator for LaBr3 as its near-infrared emission can be detected with close to 100% efficiency by such photodetectors. LaBr3:Sm2+ single crystals were grown with and without co-doping of Ce3+ or Pr3+. The samples were studied by means of X-ray excited and photoluminescence spectroscopy at temperatures between 10 K and 300 K. Their spectroscopic properties are compared to LaBr3:Ce3+ and LaBr3:Eu2+. The effect of using Ce3+ or Pr3+ as scintillation sensitiser for Sm2+ is assessed. It is found that energy transfer from host to Sm2+ greatly improves upon Ce3+ co-doping, but the quenching temperature of the Sm2+ emission decreases. The quenching mechanism of both the Ce3+ and Sm2+ emission in LaBr3 is elaborated on. Furthermore, the effect of charge compensating defects on the light yield and spectroscopic properties is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114375
Number of pages9
JournalOptical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Divalent samarium
  • Near-infrared emission
  • Scintillation
  • Single crystal


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