We demonstrate that a lightly strained germanium channel (ϵ / / = - 0.41 %) in an undoped Ge/Si0.1Ge0.9 heterostructure field effect transistor supports a two-dimensional (2D) hole gas with mobility in excess of 1 × 10 6 cm2/Vs and percolation density less than 5 × 10 10 cm-2. This low disorder 2D hole system shows tunable fractional quantum Hall effects at low densities and low magnetic fields. The low-disorder and small effective mass (0.068 m e) defines lightly strained germanium as a basis to tune the strength of the spin-orbit coupling for fast and coherent quantum hardware.
Lodari, M. (Creator), Scappucci, G. (Creator), Hamilton, A. R. (Creator), Kong, O. (Creator) & Rendell, M. J. (Creator), TU Delft - 4TU.ResearchData, 24 Dec 2021