Linear positive systems may have a reachable subset from the origin that is either polyhedral or nonpolyhedral

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Abstract

Positive systems with positive inputs and positive outputs are used in several branches of engineering, biochemistry, and economics. Both control theory and system theory require the concept of reachability of a time-invariant discrete-time linear positive system. The subset of the state set that is reachable from the origin is therefore of interest. The reachable subset is in general a cone in the positive vector space of the positive real numbers. It is established in this paper that the reachable subset can be either a polyhedral or a nonpolyhedral cone. For a single-input case, a characterization is provided of when the infinite-time and the finite-time reachable subsets are polyhedral. An example is provided for which the reachable subset is nonpolyhedral. Finally, for the case of polyhedral reachable subset(s), a method is provided to verify if a target set can be reached from the origin using positive inputs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-307
JournalSIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Linear positive systems
  • Polyhedral cone
  • Positive recursion
  • Reachable subset

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