Linear Principal Polarizations in Bistatic SAR Mission Companions

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Abstract

The paper investigates the polarimetry of bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) acquisitions over rough surfaces, with focus on the rotation of the scattered wave orientation at the companion antenna axes and on the optimal linear polarization in transmission. This latter is defined as the polarization achieving the maximum radar cross section and will be herewith recalled as principal polarization. The paper outlines a geometrical framework for the interpretation and the estimation of the principal polarizations. It is shown that the theoretical formulation provides a good agreement with the second-order analytical approach in [1]. The paper finally postulates that a bistatic illumination in the traditional $\mathrm{H}$ and V linear modes can be considered equivalent to a compact $\psi$ -pol, i.e. with the transmittion in a linear polarization rotated by $\psi$. For long baselines, such those as those envisioned by the ESA Harmony EE10 candidate, and for steep incidence angles, an equivalent $\pi/4$ -pol might be possible for rough surfaces.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Place of PublicationDanvers
PublisherIEEE
Pages3073-3076
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-0369-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-4762-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventIGARSS 2021: 2021 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - Virtual at Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 11 Jul 202116 Jul 2021

Conference

ConferenceIGARSS 2021
CountryBelgium
CityVirtual at Brussels
Period11/07/2116/07/21

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