Linearized Bregman Iterations for Automatic Optical Fiber Fault Analysis

Michael Lunglmayr, Gustavo C. Amaral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Supervision of the physical layer of optical networks is an extremely relevant subject. To detect fiber faults, single-ended solutions, such as the optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR), allow for precise measurements of fault profiles. Combining the OTDR with a signal processing approach for high-dimensional sparse parameter estimation allows for automated and reliable results in reduced time. In this paper, a measurement system composed of a photon-counting OTDR data acquisition unit and a processing unit based on a linearized Bregman iterations' algorithm for automatic fault finding is proposed. An in-depth comparative study of the proposed algorithm's fault-finding prowess in the presence of noise is presented. Characteristics, such as sensitivity, specificity, processing time, and complexity, are analyzed in simulated environments. Real-life measurements that are conducted using the photon-counting OTDR subsystem for data acquisition and the linearized Bregman-based processing unit for automated data analysis demonstrated accurate results. It is concluded that the proposed measurement system is particularly well-suited to the task of fault finding. The natural characteristic of the algorithm fosters embedding the solution in digital hardware, allowing for reduced costs and processing time.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Fault location
  • Market research
  • optical fiber measurements
  • Optical network units
  • Optical pulses
  • Optical sensors
  • Optical signal processing
  • optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR)
  • Optical variables measurement
  • signal processing
  • Signal processing algorithms
  • signal processing algorithms.

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