Linking interfacial work of deformation from deconvoluted macro-rheological spectrum to early stage healing in selected polyurethanes

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Abstract

The use of rheology and terminal flow relaxation times to predict healing behavior at long healing times is by now quite well accepted. In this work we go one step further and explore the use of macro-rheology (in particular the stored work of deformation) to predict the early stage interfacial healing properties (fracture resistance) of a set of self-healing polyurethanes. The interfacial healing is measured by single edge notch fracture experiments, using short healing times and a low healing temperature to exclude the effect of long range molecular motion on mechanical properties restoration. The systems based on aromatic diisocyanates show high fracture resistance after healing, while very limited restoration of the mechanical properties is observed for aliphatic and cycloaliphatic based polyurethanes. Linear sweep rheology and time-temperature-superposition allow obtaining the macro-rheological master curve and the mechanical relaxation spectra (H(t)). The application of a recently established deconvolution protocol to the H(t) gives the characteristic relaxation times and stored works of deformation associated to individual dynamic processes such as segmental motion, reversible bonds, and terminal flow. It is found that the calculated stored works of deformation related to the reversible bond relaxation reproduce the trend observed by fracture resistance at healed interfaces and reveal a qualitative correspondence between reversible bonds work of deformation and interfacial healing fracture resistance. Moreover, the method seems to point to the existence of a threshold interfacial work of deformation below which no efficient load transfer can be observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21750-21760
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
Volume22
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2020

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