Long-lived coherence in driven many-spin systems: From two to infinite spatial dimensions

Walter Hahn, V. V. Dobrovitski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Long-lived coherences, emerging under periodic pulse driving in the disordered ensembles of strongly interacting spins, offer immense advantages for future quantum technologies, but the physical origin and the key properties of this phenomenon remain poorly understood. We theoretically investigate this effect in ensembles of different dimensionality, and predict existence of the long-lived coherences in all such systems, from two-dimensional to infinite-dimensional (where every spin is coupled to all others with similar strength), which are of particular importance for quantum sensing and quantum information processing. We explore the transition from two to infinite dimensions, and show that the long-time coherence dynamics in all dimensionalities is qualitatively similar, although the short-time behavior is drastically different, exhibiting dimensionality-dependent singularity. Our study establishes the common physical origin of the long-lived coherences in different dimensionalities, and suggests that this effect is a generic feature of the strongly coupled spin systems with positional disorder. Our results lay out foundation for utilizing the long-lived coherences in a range of application, from quantum sensing with two-dimensional spin ensembles, to quantum information processing with the infinitely-dimensional spin systems in the cavity-QED settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number073029
Number of pages18
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • driven quantum systems
  • Floquet spin systems
  • quantum coherence
  • quantum spin dynamics
  • quantum spin ensembles
  • quantum spin systems,many-body systems

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