Look but Don’t Stare: Mutual Gaze Interaction in Social Robots

Yanxia Zhang, Jonas Beskow, Hedvig Kjellstrom

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Mutual gaze is a powerful cue for communicating social attention
and intention. A plethora of studies have demonstrated the fundamental roles of
mutual gaze in establishing communicative links between humans, and enabling
non-verbal communication of social attention and intention. The amount of mutual gaze between two partners regulates human-human interaction and is a sign of social engagement. This paper investigates whether implementing mutual gaze in robotic systems can achieve social effects, thus to improve human robot interaction. Based on insights from existing human face-to-face interaction studies, we implemented an interactive mutual gaze model in an embodied agent, the social robot head Furhat. We evaluated the mutual gaze prototype with 24 participants in three applications. Our results show that our mutual gaze model improves social connectedness between robots and users.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Robotics
Subtitle of host publication9th International Conference, ICSR 2017 proceedings
EditorsA. Kheddar, E. Yoshida, S.S. Ge, K. Suzuki, J.-J. Cabibihan, F. Eyssel, H. He
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-70022-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-70021-2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventICRS 2017: The 9th International Conference on Social Robotics - Tsukuba, Japan
Duration: 22 Nov 201724 Nov 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceICRS 2017


Dive into the research topics of 'Look but Don’t Stare: Mutual Gaze Interaction in Social Robots'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this