'Louδαíαν in Acts 2:9: Reverse engineering textual emendations

Vincent Van Altena, Jan Krans, Henk Bakker, Jantien Stoter

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Building on a plethora of conjectured emendations for IOÏ'ΔAIAN, this article approaches the issue once again to test the viability of a quantitative tool and to establish the possibility of palaeographical confusion of IOÏ'ΔAIAN with an alternative topo- or demonym. The article starts with an experiment using Greek topo- and demonyms derived from contemporary Christian, Jewish, and Classical sources to establish a palaeographical confusion score. Next the likeliness of the "closest"alternatives in the geographical arrangement of Acts 2:9-11 is explored. The article ends with an evaluation of the possible implications for the text in Acts 2:9 as well as a critical appraisal of the method for conjectural criticism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-391
Number of pages14
JournalOpen Theology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Conjectural criticism
  • Palaeographic confusion
  • Spatial analysis
  • Table of nations

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