Low-field magnetic resonance imaging using multiplicative regularization

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In this paper we present a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that is based on multiplicative regularization. Instead of adding a regularizing objective function to a data fidelity term, we multiply by such a regularizing function. By following this approach, no regularization parameter needs to be determined for each new data set that is acquired. Reconstructions are obtained by iteratively updating the images using short-term conjugate gradient-type update formulas and Polak-Ribière update directions. We show that the algorithm can be used as an image reconstruction algorithm and as a denoising algorithm. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm on two-dimensional simulated low-field MR data that is corrupted by noise and on three-dimensional measured data obtained from a low-field MR scanner. Our reconstruction results show that the algorithm effectively suppresses noise and produces accurate reconstructions even for low-field MR signals with a low signal-to-noise ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-33
Number of pages13
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Halbach array
  • Image reconstruction
  • Low-field MRI
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Multiplicative regularization


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