Low Latency IoT/M2M Using Nano-Satellites

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Nano-satellite IoT/M2M missions are gaining popularity in recent time. Various companies have launched their pilot missions last year in 2018 and all these companies intend to place a constellation in (V)LEO that can communicate with low power sensors on the ground (sometimes remote locations) and relay it back to the end-user who is monitoring these sensors. This paper discusses two possible architectures of using nano-satellites for low latency IoT/M2M, by presenting information such as, number of satellites needed, number of orbital planes needed and communication strategy. The first proposed architecture will comprise of a self-sustaining network of nano-satellites that communicate with low power, low data-rate sensors on the ground and relay the data to rest of the nano-satellites in the network using inter-satellite links, which is downlinked by a nano-satellite that is in the view of a ground station that is connected to IMT. The second proposed architecture will use nano-satellites to communicate with low power, low data-rate sensors on the ground and relay it to satellites that intend to provide internet from space (Mega-constellation). The internet constellations considered in this study for the second architecture are: Telesat’s constellation, SpaceX’s Starlink, OneWeb’s constellation, Astrome’s SpaceNet constellation and Audacy’s constellation. Using both these architectures, it can be seen that the latency can be reduced considerably.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Washington D.C., United States, 21-25 October 2019
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
PublisherInternational Astronautical Federation, IAF
ISSN (Print)0074-1795


  • (Mega-)constellation
  • Inter-satellite link
  • IoT
  • Latency
  • Nano-satellite


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