LUTI operational models review based on the proposition of an a priori ALUTI conceptual model

André Soares Lopes, Carlos Felipe Grangeiro Loureiro, Bert Van Wee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


This paper focuses on understanding to what extent the components of LUTI models and their mutual interactions are conceptually represented by eight operational LUTI models. This is important for the understanding of LUTI models’ mechanisms, firstly because it may reduce communication barriers between planning communities, secondly because it may help us understand the models’ applicability, and thirdly it may highlight the models’ shortcomings and point for future research. We present a discussion about what subsystems should be considered for LUTI modelling, from which we derived an “a priori” conceptual ALUTI model (incorporating Activities, besides Land Use and Transport). By comparing the rationale behind each model with this conceptual model, we establish the basis for our review, focussing on whether these models incorporate the ALUTI components, its inner workings and the relationships between these components. Results indicate three main limitations of the reviewed models. First, models not always adequately include all the components of the a priori ALUTI model. Second, the ALUTI subsystems’ internal functions are not explicitly modelled in several of the models reviewed, making it difficult to evaluate how planning decisions affect the subsystem. Third, only few models recognise all mutual interactions, especially in respect to the Activity subsystem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalTransport Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • activity
  • land use
  • LUTI
  • operational models
  • transport


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