Machine learning 5d-level centroid shift of Ce3+inorganic phosphors

Ya Zhuo, Shruti Hariyani, Shihai You, Pieter Dorenbos, Jakoah Brgoch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Information on the 5d level centroid shift (ϵc) of rare-earth ions is critical for determining the chemical shift and the Coulomb repulsion parameter as well as predicting the luminescence and thermal response of rare-earth substituted inorganic phosphors. The magnitude of ϵc depends on the binding strength between the rare-earth ion and its coordinating ligands, which is difficult to quantify a priori and makes phosphor design particularly challenging. In this work, a tree-based ensemble learning algorithm employing extreme gradient boosting is trained to predict ϵc by analyzing the optical properties of 160 Ce3+ substituted inorganic phosphors. The experimentally measured ϵc of these compounds was featurized using the materials' relative permittivity (ϵr), average electronegativity, average polarizability, and local geometry. Because the number of reported ϵr values is limited, it was necessary to utilize a predicted relative permittivity (ϵr,SVR) obtained from a support vector regressor trained on data from ∼2800 density functional theory calculations. The remaining features were compiled from open-source databases and by analyzing the rare-earth coordination environment from each Crystallographic Information File. The resulting ensemble model could reliably estimate ϵc and provide insight into the optical properties of Ce3+-activated inorganic phosphors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013104
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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