The European Union requires member states to achieve or maintain good environmental status for their marine territorial waters and explicitly mentions potentially adverse effects of underwater sound. In this study, we focused on producing maps of underwater sound from various natural and anthropogenic origins in the Dutch North Sea. The source properties and sound propagation are simulated by mathematical methods. These maps could be used to assess and predict large-scale effects on behavior and distribution of underwater marine life and therefore become a valuable tool in assessing and managing the impact of underwater sound on marine life.
|Title of host publication||The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Name||Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology|
- Good environmental status
- Shipping noise