Material characterization of a pultrusion specific and highly reactive polyurethane resin system: Elastic modulus, rheology, and reaction kinetics

Onur Yuksel, Michael Sandberg, Ismet Baran*, Nuri Ersoy, Jesper H. Hattel, Remko Akkerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents a detailed material characterization study of a pultrusion specific polyurethane resin system. Firstly, the chemical behaviour was characterized by utilizing differential scanning calorimetry. The cure kinetics was fitted well to an autocatalytic cure kinetics model with Arrhenius temperature dependency. The resin system did not show any inhibition time. Then, the viscosity evolution was observed using a rheometer. From these measurements, the gelation point was estimated from the criterion of cross-over point of storage and loss modulus curves. The corresponding cure degree of gelation point was found to be 0.79 using the cure kinetics model. The complex viscosity evolution through dynamic scans was predicted well with a cure degree and temperature dependent viscosity model. The elastic modulus and glass transition temperature of fully and partially cured samples were measured by means of DMA in tension mode. A five step cure hardening instantaneous linear elastic model was fitted well to a wide range of cure degree values after gelation. Lastly, the fitted material models were employed in a case study of a typical pultrusion process to visualize the effects of pulling speed on the material property evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108543
Number of pages10
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • A. Thermosetting resin
  • B. Cure behaviour
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • B. Rheological properties
  • E. Pultrusion

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