Measurements of near-wall pressure fluctuations for trailing-edge serrations and slits

D. Ragni, F. Avallone, W. C.P. van der Velden, D. Casalino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Abstract: Pressure fluctuations on the suction side of a NACA 0018 with trailing-edge add-ons are obtained from integration of time-resolved stereoscopic and tomographic particle image velocimetry data and compared to the ones computed from Lattice–Boltzmann simulations. The airfoil is retrofitted with solid and slitted serrated trailing edges and measured at 0° and at 12° angles of attack. At 0° angle of attack, the boundary-layer thickness and the intensity of the pressure fluctuations are found to decrease along the edge of the serration from its root to its tip. The spectra of the pressure fluctuations additionally show a change of decay in frequency along the serration edge. This last finding has important repercussions for noise-prediction models, which usually assume the turbulence and the slope of the pressure spectra to be “frozen” in the streamwise direction. Results from this study also indicate that the pressure-fluctuation modification along the serrations scales with the local boundary-layer parameters, which can be obtained from experimental and numerical data. In particular, the pressure spectra collapse into a single profile when the local boundary-layer thickness and skin-friction coefficient is employed, instead of the parameters of the incoming flow. The analysis is further extended to flow fields at positive angle of attack, where serrations are known to exhibit lower performance in noise reduction. At incidence angle, the scaling with the local parameters shows that the spatial distribution of boundary-layer thickness and pressure fluctuations is uniform along the serration. This evidence might indicate a positive correlation between the noise-reduction performance of serrations and the spatial change of pressure spectra (and local boundary-layer thickness) along their edge. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Number of pages22
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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