Mechanistic Modeling of Water-Alternating-Gas Injection and Foam-Assisted Chemical Flooding for Enhanced Oil Recovery

Martijn T.G. Janssen*, Fabian A. Torres Mendez, Pacelli L.J. Zitha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
69 Downloads (Pure)


History-matching of core-flood experimental data through numerical modeling is a powerful tool to get insight into the relevant physical parameters and mechanisms that control fluid flow in enhanced oil recovery processes. We conducted a mechanistic numerical simulation study aiming at modeling previously performed water-alternating-gas and foam-assisted chemical flooding core-flood experiments. For each experiment, a one-dimensional model was built. The obtained computed tomography scan data was used to assign varying porosity, and permeability, values to each grid block. The main goal of this study was to history-match measured phase saturation profiles along the core length, pressure drops, produced phase cuts, and the oil recovery history for each of the experiments conducted. The results show that, to obtain a good match for the water-alternating-gas experiment, gas relative permeability needs to be reduced as a function of injection time due to gas trapping. The surfactant phase behavior, for the aid of foam-assisted chemical flooding, was successfully simulated and its robustness was verified by effectively applying the same phase behavior model to the two different salinity conditions studied. It resulted in the oil mobilization, through the injection of a surfactant slug, being properly modeled. The mechanistic simulation of foam using the steady-state foam model built in UTCHEM proved inadequate for the mechanistic modeling of a foam drive in the presence of oil. An alternative heuristic approach was adopted to overcome this limitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3606-3616
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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