Method for detecting damage in carbon-fibre reinforced plastic-steel structures based on eddy current pulsed thermography

X. Li, Z. Liu, X. Jiang, Gabri Lodewijks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Eddy current pulsed thermography (ECPT) is well established for nondestructive
testing of electrical conductive materials, featuring the advantages of contactless, intuitive detecting and efficient heating. The concept of divergence characterization of the damage rate of carbon fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP)-steel structures can be extended to ECPT thermal pattern characterization. It was found in this study that the use of ECPT technology on CFRP-steel structures generated a sizeable amount of valuable information for comprehensive
material diagnostics. The relationship between divergence and transient thermal patterns can be identified and analysed by deploying mathematical models to analyse the information about fibre texture-like orientations, gaps and undulations in these multilayered materials. The developed algorithm enabled the removal of information about fibre texture and the extraction of damage features.
The model of the CFRP-glue-steel structures with damage was established using COMSOL Multiphysics® software, and quantitative non-destructive damage evaluation from the ECPT image areas was derived. The results of this proposed method illustrate that damaged areas are highly affected by available information about fibre texture.
This proposed work can be applied for detection of impact induced damage and quantitative evaluation of CFRP structures.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
JournalNondestructive testing and evaluation
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Carbon fibre-reinforced
  • electromagnetic excitation
  • infrared thermography
  • image fusion
  • wavelet transform


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