Method for the Detailed Characterization of Cosputtered Inorganic Luminescent Material Libraries

Evert P.J. Merkx*, Erik Van Der Kolk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
68 Downloads (Pure)


Understanding the behavior of combinatorially developed luminescent materials requires detailed characterization methods that have been lacking thus far. We developed a device for directly surveying the luminescent properties of thin-film libraries created through combinatorial gradient sputter deposition. Step-scan recorded excitation-, emission- and luminescence decay spectra of a thin-film library were resolved and combined with EDX measurements on the same film, relating composition to luminescent properties. This technique was applied to a single-substrate gradient thin-film library of NaBr0.73I0.27 to NaBr0.09I0.91, doped with 6.5% to 16.5% Eu2+. This gradient film closely followed Vegard's law, with emission fluently shifting from 428 to 439 nm. In comparison, pure NaBr:Eu2+ showed emission at 428 nm and NaI:Eu2+ at 441 nm. Luminescence decay measurements demonstrated a great degree of concentration quenching in the gradient film. From these measurements we could conclude that an optimized phosphor would most efficiently luminesce when close to NaI:Eu2+. This gradient film confirmed that the method presented in this work allows to both study and optimize luminescent behavior in a broad range of host- and dopant systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-601
JournalACS Combinatorial Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • combinatorial screening
  • inorganic phosphors
  • luminescence
  • sputter deposition


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