The popularity of perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction (pMTJ)-based spin-transfer torque magnetic random access memories (STT-MRAMs) is growing very fast. The performance of such memories is very sensitive to magnetic fields, including both internal and external ones. This article presents a magnetic-field-aware compact model of pMTJ, named the MFA-magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) model, for magnetic/electrical co-simulation of MTJ/CMOS circuits. Magnetic measurement data of MTJ devices, with diameters ranging from 35 to 175 nm, are used to calibrate an in-house magnetic coupling model. This model is subsequently integrated into our developed compact pMTJ model, which is implemented in Verilog-A. The superiority of the proposed MFA-MTJ model for device/circuit co-design of STT-MRAM is demonstrated by simulating a single pMTJ as well as STT-MRAM full circuits. The design space is explored under PVT variations and various configurations of magnetic fields.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
|Published - 2022
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- circuit simulation.
- Integrated circuit modeling
- Magnetic circuits
- Magnetic devices
- Magnetic tunneling
- MTJ model