Microwave heating in heterogeneous catalysis: Modelling and design of rectangular traveling-wave microwave reactor

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Abstract

Microwave irradiation can intensify catalytic chemistry by selective and controlled microwave-catalytic packed-bed interaction. However, turning it to reality from laboratory to practical applications is hindered by challenges in the reactor design and scale-up. Here, we present a novel, rectangular traveling-wave microwave reactor (RTMR) and provide an easy-to-handle, 3-step design procedure of such reactor. The multiphysics model couples the electromagnetic field, heat transfer, and fluid dynamics in order to optimize the geometrical parameters and operational conditions for the microwave-assisted heterogeneous catalysis. The results show that the microwave energy input/output ports should be well-positioned and matched; otherwise, it would significantly decrease energy efficiency. In terms of microwave transmission, the RTMR presents a mix between the standing wave and the traveling-wave systems. Gas space velocity and input temperature significantly affect the temperature profile, and gas–solid temperature can present no significant difference under certain gas–solid contact.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116383
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume232
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Design and optimization
  • Microwave heating
  • Microwave reactor
  • Microwave-assisted heterogeneous catalysis
  • Multiphysics modeling
  • Process intensification

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