Miniature electron beam separator based on three stacked dipoles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We designed and built a compact bi-axial electron beam separator. This separator is an indispensable electron optical element in the development of MEMS-mirror-based miniaturized concepts for quantum electron microscopy (QEM) and aberration-corrected low-voltage scanning electron microscopy (AC-SEM). The separator provides the essential cycling of the electron beam between the two parallel optical axes that are part of these systems. This requires crossed electric and magnetic fields perpendicular to the beam path, as can be found in Wien-filter type beam separators. In our miniaturized QEM or AC-SEM concepts, the parallel axes are separated by only 1 mm. Conventional Wien-filter-based beam separator concepts rely on in-plane electric and magnetic multipole electrode configurations that are larger than the restricted available volume in these miniaturized QEM/AC-SEM systems. Our compact beam separator design introduces three stacked dipole electrode layers, which enables simultaneous beam separation at two parallel axes that are in close proximity. The outer layer electrodes maintain an electric field for which the direction on the one axis is opposed to that on the other axis. The middle layer generates a perpendicularly oriented magnetic field that spans both axes. The total field configuration enables the deflection of the beam on one axis and simultaneously provides a straight passage on the other axis. The deflection strength and distortion fields of the beam separator are experimentally obtained with a 2 keV electron beam energy. The results validate the use of the beam separator for electron energies up to 5 keV and deflection angles up to 100 mrad.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234904
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume127
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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