Mixing at high Schmidt number in a complex porous structure

Adrian Zenklusen, Sasa Kenjeres, PR von Rohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Highly porous structures (porosity ), as metal foams or designed foam-like structures, are often used in industry to augment heat and mass transfer. In the present study, we focus on the mixing in highly porous structures in continuous millireactor characterized with a relatively low Reynolds number ( - based on the ligament diameter and bulk velocity) and a high Schmidt number fluid (Sc=2400). We apply a combined numerical and experimental approach. The numerical simulations employ a Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method with dynamic Lagrangian approach for subgrid-scale turbulent stress and turbulent mass flux. The results of the numerical simulation are compared with our own combined Particle Imaging Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) measurements. The application of combined PIV/LIF makes it possible to simultaneously measure velocity components, turbulent stresses, concentration and concentration fluxes. The mechanism of the mixing is analyzed in details with specific focus on validity of a simple gradient diffusion hypothesis (SGDH) in modeling of the turbulent mass transfer in complex porous structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-84
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Porous media
  • Vortex shedding
  • Mass transfer
  • High Schmidt number
  • LES


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