MNLS simulations of surface wave groups with directional spreading in deep and finite depth waters

Dylan Barratt*, Ton Stefan van den Bremer, Thomas Alan Adcock Adcock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

We simulate focusing surface gravity wave groups with directional spreading using the modified nonlinear Schrödinger (MNLS) equation and compare the results with a fully-nonlinear potential flow code, OceanWave3D. We alter the direction and characteristic wavenumber of the MNLS carrier wave, to assess the impact on the simulation results. Both a truncated (fifth-order) and exact version of the linear dispersion operator are used for the MNLS equation. The wave groups are based on the theory of quasi-determinism and a narrow-banded Gaussian spectrum. We find that the truncated and exact dispersion operators both perform well if: (1) the direction of the carrier wave aligns with the direction of wave group propagation; (2) the characteristic wavenumber of the carrier wave coincides with the initial spectral peak. However, the MNLS simulations based on the exact linear dispersion operator perform significantly better if the direction of the carrier wave does not align with the wave group direction or if the characteristic wavenumber does not coincide with the initial spectral peak. We also perform finite-depth simulations with the MNLS equation for dimensionless depths (kpd) between 1.36 and 5.59, incorporating depth into the boundary conditions as well as the dispersion operator, and compare the results with those of fully-nonlinear potential flow code to assess the finite-depth limitations of the MNLS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-275
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Finite depth
  • MNLS
  • OceanWave3D
  • Surface gravity wave groups
  • Third-order interactions

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