The complicated interplay between mass and photon transfer within a photocatalytic reactor calls for an integrated design approach. A model-based optimization approach for LED-based photocatalytic reactors is presented. First, a model that describes the distribution of reactants and photons within a photocatalytic reactor is developed. Then, several design variables related to the reactor dimensions and light sources are optimized simultaneously using the photocatalytic degradation of toluene as a model system. The results demonstrate how different formulations of the problem can be used to either minimize the reactor cost or to obtain a specified concentration profile within the reactor.
- Light-emitting diode
- Photocatalytic reactor