Model-Free Bounds for Multi-Asset Options Using Option-Implied Information and Their Exact Computation

Ariel Neufeld*, Antonis Papapantoleon, Qikun Xiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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We consider derivatives written on multiple underlyings in a one-period financial market, and we are interested in the computation of model-free upper and lower bounds for their arbitrage-free prices. We work in a completely realistic setting, in that we only assume the knowledge of traded prices for other single- and multi-asset derivatives and even allow for the presence of bid–ask spread in these prices. We provide a fundamental theorem of asset pricing for this market model, as well as a superhedging duality result, that allows to transform the abstract maximization problem over probability measures into a more tractable minimization problem over vectors, subject to certain constraints. Then, we recast this problem into a linear semi-infinite optimization problem and provide two algorithms for its solution. These algorithms provide upper and lower bounds for the prices that are ε-optimal, as well as a characterization of the optimal pricing measures. These algorithms are efficient and allow the computation of bounds in high-dimensional scenarios (e.g., when d = 60). Moreover, these algorithms can be used to detect arbitrage opportunities and identify the corresponding arbitrage strategies. Numerical experiments using both synthetic and real market data showcase the efficiency of these algorithms, and they also allow understanding of the reduction of model risk by including additional information in the form of known derivative prices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2051-2068
Number of pages18
JournalManagement Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

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Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • arbitrage detection
  • bid–ask spread
  • cutting plane method
  • model-free bounds
  • multi-asset options
  • no-arbitrage gap
  • option-implied information


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