Modeling Cities and Landscapes in 3D with CityGML

Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Kavisha Kavisha, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
37 Downloads (Pure)


CityGML is the most important international standard used to model cities and landscapes in 3D with extensive semantics. Compared to BIM standards such as IFC, CityGML models are usually less detailed but they cover a much greater spatial extent. They are also available in any of five standardized levels of detail. CityGML serves as an exchange format and as a data source for visualizations, either in dedicated applications or in a web browser. It can also be used for a wide range of spatial analyses, such as visibility studies and solar potential. Ongoing research will improve the integration of BIM standards with CityGML, making improved data exchange possible throughout the life-cycle of urban and environmental processes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding Information Modeling
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology Foundations and Industry Practice
EditorsAndré Borrmann, Markus König, Christian Koch, Jakob Beetz
Place of PublicationCham
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-92862-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-92861-6
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

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