Modelling and evaluation of PEM hydrogen technologies for frequency ancillary services in future multi-energy sustainable power systems

Feras Alshehri, Victor Garcia Suarez, José L. Rueda Torres, Arcadio Perilla , M.A.M.M. van der Meijden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper examines the prospect of PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) electrolyzers and fuel cells to partake in European electrical ancillary services markets. First, the current framework of ancillary services is reviewed and discussed, emphasizing the ongoing European harmonization plans for future frequency balancing markets. Next, the technical characteristics of PEM hydrogen technologies and their potential uses within the electrical power system are discussed to evaluate their adequacy to the requirements of ancillary services markets. Last, a case study based on a realistic representation of the transmission grid in the north of the Netherlands for the year 2030 is presented. The main goal of this case study is to ascertain the effectiveness of PEM electrolyzers and fuel cells for the provision of primary frequency reserves. Dynamic generic models suitable for grid simulations are developed for both technologies, including the required controllers to enable participation in ancillary services markets. The obtained results show that PEM hydrogen technologies can improve the frequency response when compared to the procurement with synchronous generators of the same reserve value. Moreover, the fast dynamics of PEM electrolyzers and fuel cells can help mitigate the negative effects attributed to the reduction of inertia in the system.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01396
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalHeliyon
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Electrical engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling and evaluation of PEM hydrogen technologies for frequency ancillary services in future multi-energy sustainable power systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this