Modelling cyclist queue formation using a two-layer framework for operational cycling behaviour

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Operational cycling behaviour is greatly understudied, even lacking a definition of what this behavioural level actually entails in terms of decision making. In this paper, we define the cyclist operational level and argue that it consists of two intertwined processes, a mental and a physical process. The mental process refers to path choices made within a route and the physical process refers to the bicycle control dynamics through pedalling and steering. We propose a novel two-layer framework, where each layer captures the tasks of one of the processes within the operational level. Discrete choice theory is proposed to model each layer. The plausibility of the framework is demonstrated through an application focusing on the queue formation process upstream of a red traffic light, including selecting a queuing position and cycling towards it. Models are estimated for the two layers using cyclist trajectory data collected at a signalised intersection in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The models reveal the attributes that influence the decisions made in each layer and are face validated using simulation. The proposed framework and the (behavioural) findings of its application are the main scientific contributions of this paper, which pave the way for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-484
Number of pages17
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Accepted Author Manuscript


  • Cyclist queue formation process
  • Cyclist queue position choice
  • Cyclist trajectories
  • Discrete choice theory
  • Operational cycling behaviour
  • Two-layer framework

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