Modelling effects of an asphalt road at a dike crest on dike cover erosion onset during wave overtopping

A. Bomers, J. P. Aguilar Lopez, JJ Warmink, Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


Structures integrated in a grass-covered dike may increase erosion development. Currently, safety assessment methods for flood defences are only applicable for a conventional grass-covered dike and the effects of structures on dike cover erosion are poorly understood. Since many dikes have a road on top, it is important to study the effect of such a road structure on erosion onset during wave overtopping. To investigate this effect, a coupled hydrodynamic–eroison model was developed. The erosion onset caused by overtopping waves was predicted by combining the time-varying bed shear stresses from the hydrodynamic model with a depth-dependent erosion model. The results show that roads on top of a dike increase the erosion of the neighbouring grass cover. This increase in erosion may have a negative impact on dike stability. Therefore, we recommend considering effects of constructions on top of dike profiles during safety assessments. Explicitly, consideration of the roughness transitions in the safety assessments of dikes is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalNatural Hazards
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Mar 2018


  • Asphalt road
  • Bed shear stresses
  • CFD simulation
  • Dike erosion
  • Flooding
  • Wave overtopping

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